HOW LASER PEELING AFFECTS YOUTH AND FACIAL SKIN QUALITY
The laser is used in cosmetology to eliminate and correct aesthetic imperfections. With it, you can improve skin tone, tighten the oval of the face, or erase scars and wrinkles. The greatest interest among women actively caring for their appearance and trying to prolong their youth is precisely laser peeling for the face. The procedure has certain features, recommendations, and contraindications, which are important to familiarize yourself with in advance to avoid an unpleasant situation in the future.
What is the procedure?
Laser peeling is carried out using special equipment (apparatus), which allows for a fairly short time to remove the stratum corneum of the epidermis due to radiation. It resembles something similar to a burn but is not too painful.
Such controlled and safe damage to the skin allows you to activate the processes of renewal and regeneration. In addition, the procedure allows you to start the process of cell division, which provides the rejuvenation effect.
LASER PEELING OF THE FACE CAN BE COMPARED WITH SUPERFICIAL ACID PEELING, WHICH DOES NOT REACH THE DEEP LAYERS OF THE DERMIS. BUT IF WE TALK ABOUT THE GRINDING PROCEDURE, THEN THE UNDERLYING LAYERS ARE ALREADY AFFECTED HERE, WHICH MEANS THAT THE HEALING AND RECOVERY PROCESS WILL BE LONGER.
Immediately after working with a light beam, the skin does not look the best, but after a while, everything is restored, and you can forget about the flaws that bothered you before.
Procedure Selection Options
Laser peeling, depending on the depth of exposure to the beam, is superficial (the stratum corneum of the epidermis is removed), middle (all layers of the epidermis), or deep (the epidermis and dermis are removed).
Based on the area of processing, there are three types:
- general or ablative: uniform study and heating of the entire skin of the face;
- fractional, chiseled processing of a specific area with uneven heating
Temperature regimes are cold and hot.
According to the type of radiation, the following lasers are distinguished:
- Erbium. Used in the cold method. Works on superficial layers and almost does not provoke burns;
- Carboxylic. It is suitable for the hot method, as it can penetrate the deep layers of tissues. When working with such an apparatus, accuracy and certain skills are needed.
- Neodymium. This option is used for the carboxy method using a special gel.
THE SELECTION OF THE NOSE, AS WELL AS THE METHOD OF EXPOSURE TO THE PROBLEM SKIN, IS DONE BY A SPECIALIST. HE MUST FIRST ASSESS THE PERSON’S CONDITION AND THE DESIRED RESULT, AND ONLY AFTER THAT OFFER THE MOST SUITABLE OPTION.
TYPES OF LASER PEELING
There are several types of laser rejuvenation:
- Low intensity or cold With this type of peeling, the epidermis is not subjected to heating and evaporation since the work takes place at a low intensity. The deep layers of the skin are not affected by the laser, meaning the rehabilitation period will be quite short. On average, three days are enough for the peeling to pass and the swelling to subside. As a result, you can see an even tone on the face and the smoothing of small wrinkles. This option is able to refresh the face and improve its condition, but it is not suitable for eliminating more serious problems in the form of acne scars. Therefore, such a procedure is not in particular demand;
- fractional or laser photothermolysis. The radiation goes in a small, continuous stream to the entire area that needs to be worked out but with microscopic gaps. The beam is divided into a large number of microbeams. They allow you to work out the desired area pointwise. The advantage is that the recovery is much easier and faster than with the continuous evaporation of the epidermis. After a few days, peeling disappears, and positive changes will be visible in a week. Experts recommend doing three to four procedures to achieve the desired result.
- Hot laser. The deeper layers of the skin (up to the dermis) are exposed to warming. During this procedure, the production of collagen and elastin, which are responsible for the youth and elasticity of the skin, is stimulated. According to the degree of impact, hot laser facial peeling is comparable to medium acid peeling. If a fractional method is used, rehabilitation will be somewhat easier, and if continuous, it could take up to 10 days. In addition, anesthesia may be required during the work since the skin treatment will be quite painful, and not everyone can withstand these sensations. During healing, rather pronounced crusts form, and the swelling is much greater than with a cold laser. But the result is worth it because not only is the skin relief well leveled but also a good tightening effect is visible;
- Carbon or carbon This cleaning option appeared not so long ago. It is used to combat fine wrinkles and acne. This is an almost painless method that is carried out in several stages. First, a gel-like substance containing carbon dioxide is applied to the skin to exfoliate the dead particles of the upper layer of the epidermis. Then a laser is passed over the frozen layer, heating the deep layers and enhancing the effect of such a carbon mask. Such laser peeling of the face helps to improve the skin’s tone and relief, normalize sebum production, and activate cell regeneration.
INDICATIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS
Laser peeling for the face is recommended for deep-seated problems. If there are stagnant spots and scar tissue after acne, then the best option for their elimination is difficult to find.
The procedure is also indicated for the following:
- loss of tone, floating ovals, and jellies;
- sagging and thinness of the eyelids;
- uneven relief and dullness of the skin;
- enlarged pores;
- Milium (milky, hard capsules under the skin).
Contraindications are health problems, such as malignant tumors, warts on the skin, and hypersensitivity.
You cannot do procedures using a laser during pregnancy or lactation.
The presence of sunburn is also a contraindication to such peeling, as is inflammation.
BE SURE TO INFORM THE SPECIALIST ABOUT WHAT DRUGS ARE BEING TAKEN, INCLUDING HORMONAL ONES, AS THIS MAY AFFECT THE RESULT OF THE PROCEDURE.
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
There are several advantages to this cosmetic procedure:
- Restoration of healthy skin with preserving the effect throughout the year or more. The result can be assessed after the first session.
- Relatively gentle effect on the skin. For example, with acid peeling, all cells in the path of the agent are burned, while ultrasonic peeling is more gentle but with less result;
- You can select certain areas for processing;
- helps eliminate scars and wrinkles;
- Pores are narrowed;
- Pigment spots are lightened;
- Turgor rises, and flabbiness disappears;
- Improves the condition and appearance of the skin.
The disadvantages of laser peeling include moments of soreness. Of course, anesthesia is used, but the discomfort will be present.
In addition, you need to remember that the beam makes a burn, which will take some time to recover.
Potential complications include erythema or redness of the skin, swelling, soreness, severe itching, peeling, and crusting. You can reduce the severity of these manifestations with the help of proper care during the skin’s recovery period after laser peeling.
PREPARING AND PERFORMING PEELING
It is important to understand that such a procedure cannot be carried out at home. Only a trained professional should operate the laser.
The cosmetologist gives certain recommendations regarding the preparation, which depend on the skin’s condition.
Most often, it is advised a few days before the procedure to exclude something that can damage the skin’s integrity and lead to micro-wounds (acid peels, solarium, and dermabrasion). In some cases, antiviral drugs are prescribed for drinking. This is usually done if there is a possibility of herpes; such a procedure can awaken it.
The process itself goes like this:
- The skin is thoroughly cleansed and toned;
- An anesthetic is applied, and sometimes an analgesic;
- The patient is put on special glasses to protect their vision from radiation.
- After a few minutes, direct laser treatment begins;
- After the treatment, a special cosmetic product, a soothing lotion, is applied to the skin.
It matters which method is used. So, the skin seems to burn with a hot laser, but this does not happen with a cold one.
The procedure lasts from twenty minutes to one and a half hours. Its duration is affected by the characteristics of the patient’s body, the treatment area, and the work method.
CARE AFTER THE PROCEDURE
Recovery directly depends on the technology of laser peeling of the face as well as the depth of exposure to the rays. If continuous radiation was carried out, then care should be serious and thorough:
- The first three days should be excluded from the washing;
- Throughout the week, you will need to lubricate the skin with anti-inflammatory ointment constantly;
- It is forbidden to touch the face and even more so to tear off the crusts that will appear in the regeneration process of damaged tissues. If this is not followed, then undesirable consequences may appear, up to the formation of scars;
- Exclude exposure to direct sunlight throughout the month;
- Under the ban, visits to the solarium, baths, and saunas are prohibited, as are visits to the pool.
When using the fractional method, when the damage is not too pronounced, a moisturizer can be used, as well as a sunscreen. Recovery after laser peeling will take from 1.5 to 2 weeks. On the surface, this time is reduced to 10 days.
Experts also recommend, during this period, abandoning the use of cleansers and masks with an aggressive effect and being wary of sudden temperature changes (exiting from a warm room into the extreme cold).