Facial cleansing is one of the most requested procedures in the world. Its main task is to return the skin to a healthy appearance. This will happen after the skin’s respiration is restored; it will be freed from fat, dirt, and dead cells. All this helps to achieve cleansing of the face.

For the skin to always look well-groomed, it is necessary to clean it regularly. And for people with problem skin, with acne and black dots, this procedure is shown at least once a month.

It is important to remember that you should never clean your face on your own. You can bring infection and increase the already existing inflammation. Inept actions can even lead to the transition of acne (pimples) to the chronic stage. After all, it is almost impossible to provide the necessary sterility at home. Only a facial cleansing technique performed by a trained professional yield a good outcome: clean, smooth, and even skin devoid of black and whiteheads.

Indications for facial cleansing

Facial cleansing is indicated for conditions such as:

  • enlarged pores;
  • acne;
  • comedones;
  • hyperactivity of the sebaceous glands;
  • decrease in skin elasticity;
  • dull complexion

Cleansing the face resolves the issues of oily and mixed skin. But owners of normal and dry skin types should not refuse such a procedure to maintain a healthy state.


Leather should be cleaned regularly. After all, our skin is constantly exposed to various pollution. And cleansers and lotions remove only superficial dirt. What penetrates deep into the skin cannot be removed with cosmetics.

Constant pollution of the skin leads to its premature aging and the formation of wrinkles. 

Contraindications for cleaning 

Although facial cleansing is fairly gentle and suitable for almost everyone, there are certain limitations.

So, it is not recommended to cleanse the skin of the face during acute colds and inflammatory diseases immediately after surgery.

You can not clean with eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis, and allergic reactions. 

Only gentle types of facial cleansing occur during the heat and severe frosts.

Types of cleaning

Face cleaning can be manual (manual) or hardware. Techniques vary in their methods of skin exposure.


The hands of a beautician perform manual facial cleansing. In this case, long-proven tools are used: Uno spoon, Vidal loop, strainer. Before the procedure, a special solution is applied to the skin to open the pores. Pollution, sebum, horny scales, and comedones are removed from the skin manually in strict observance of the rules of sterility.

Manual cleaning is indicated for oily and problem skin.



Hardware cleaning is divided into several subspecies, performed using various cosmetic devices.

Ultrasonic cleaning is very effective. Ultrasound cleanses the skin of impurities, horny cells, excess sebum, and comedones. In addition, ultrasound helps to reduce wrinkles. After such cleansing, the skin looks hydrated, smooth, and radiant.


The vacuum nozzle creates negative pressure on the skin, due to which blood circulation in the dermis increases; the pores open and are cleaned of black dots, sebaceous plugs, and dead cells. The vacuum also promotes lymphatic drainage and tonic effects, normalizes the sebaceous glands, and improves complexion. 



For more intensive skin cleansing, a combined method can be used – a combination of hardware and manual cleaning. Exposure to the device will help cleanse the surface of the epidermis, even out the relief, and restore a healthy color to the skin. And then, the cosmetologist manually removes deep skin impurities (comedones, blackheads). 

Preparation for the procedure

Preparation for facial cleansing does not require much effort.

Before the procedure, the beautician thoroughly cleanses the patient’s face. For this, micellar water or hydrophilic oil are usually used. Washing gels or foams will help to cleanse the skin more thoroughly. Enzyme powders perfectly cleanse and prepare the skin for further procedures.

Next, you need to soften the surface layer of the skin to open the pores. To do this, use special chemical disinfectants. 

How is the procedure carried out

Professional cosmetologists should only do manual facial cleansing in a fully trusted clinic.

Before the cosmetologist proceeds directly to manually cleaning the face, he will treat the patient’s skin with an antiseptic. Everything that interferes with their functioning is squeezed out of the pores. Metal spoons are also used because it is not always possible to remove black dots manually.

After cleansing the skin, various cosmetics are applied to it to soothe the skin, narrow pores, and stop inflammation.

Hardware cleaning is carried out using special devices. Patients tolerate hardware cleaning more comfortably than manual cleaning. Manual cleaning is a rather painful procedure, as the specialist must try to cleanse the skin of dirt and sebum. 


Recommendations before and after the procedure

The doctor selects the method and method of facial cleansing based on the patient’s age, the degree of skin contamination, and current problems. The cosmetologist evaluates the skin’s condition and individually selects the optimal method for a particular patient.

To keep the result of cleaning as long as possible and not harm the skin after the procedure, you need to follow certain rules.

On the day after cleansing, it is not recommended to wash your face with water; you can not apply cream and use decorative cosmetics. Otherwise, the pores can be clogged again.

Do not touch your face unnecessarily so as not to provoke skin irritation.

You must refuse to visit the bath, sauna, and solarium within a week.

It is important to take good care of the skin between cleansing procedures and using effective but delicate products. Your cosmetologist will select them.

Pros and cons of facial cleansing

The undoubted advantages of the procedure include its effects such as:

  • Exfoliation of dead skin layers. It stimulates skin regeneration and improves its color and texture.
  • Removal of imperfections in the form of black dots and blackheads. 
  • Cleansing the skin of toxins.
  • Rebuilding the skin’s protective barrier.
  • Stimulation of blood circulation.
  • Among the disadvantages of the procedure are:
  • Injury to the upper layers of the skin. This happens during manual cleaning.
  • Pain during the treatment and for a while afterward. Also characteristic of manual cleaning.
  • Redness of the skin for several days after the procedure.

Frequently Asked Questions About Facial Cleansing

Question: Why do facial cleansing?

Answer: Acne or comedones appear on the face of most people, especially in cities. Their appearance is connected with the environment and lifestyle.

The sebaceous glands secrete a substance that protects the skin from drying out and pollution. During normal functioning of the body, the skin cleanses itself. But skin regeneration slows down when exposed to stress, malnutrition, and diseases of the internal organs, and the secretion of the sebaceous glands, on the contrary, increases. As a result, the sebaceous glands become clogged, stop working normally, and black dots appear. A face with black dots looks unkempt. 


Question: What cleaning to choose – manual or hardware?

Answer: For problematic skin, a beautician’s mechanical cleaning of the face is considered the most effective. It allows you to remove dirt and purulent formations in problem areas as much as possible. 

For skin prone to excessive sensitivity and dehydration, ultrasonic cleansing is recommended. This method will not only cleanse the deep layers of the epidermis but also restore metabolic processes without overdrying the skin.

Your cosmetologist will help you choose a cleansing based on the individual characteristics of the skin. 

Question: How often should I clean my face?

Answer: For best results, beauticians recommend repeating deep cleansing of the face 2-3 times per season with an interval of one month. Sometimes specialists reduce or increase the number of procedures. A more detailed course of procedures can be compiled by your beautician, who knows the condition of your skin.

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